Transcription of LocHum,391[2]
— 391 —
Truth or Falshood always supposes affirmation or negation.       §19. Though in compliance with the ordinary way of Speaking,
I have shewed in what sense, and upon what ground our Ideas may
be sometimes called true, or false; yet if we will look a little nearer in-
to the matter in all cases, where any Idea is call’d true, or false, it is
from some Judgment that the Mind makes, or is supposed to make,
that is true, or false. For Truth, or Falshood, being never without some
Affirmation, or Negation, Express, or Tacit, it is not to be found, but
where signs are joined or separated, according to the agreement, or
disagreement, of the Things they stand for. The signs we chiefly
use, are either Ideas, or Words, wherewith we make either mental,
or verbal Propositions. Truth lies in so joining, or separating these
Representatives, as the Things they stand for, do, in themselves,
agree, or disagree: and Falshood in the contrary, as shall be more
fully shewed hereafter.
Locke Hum II, 32, §19, p. 391