THE EFFECT OF OTTOMAN PRESS DURING THE FORMATION OF COSSACK WRITTEN LITERATURE – DOAJ

Zeitschrift für die Welt der Türken (Apr 2016)

THE EFFECT OF OTTOMAN PRESS DURING THE FORMATION OF COSSACK WRITTEN LITERATURE

  • Muhammet Nurullah CİCİOĞLU

Journal volume & issue
Vol. 8, no. 1
pp. 327 – 344

Abstract

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The beginning of XIX and XX centuries is accepted as a significant process in formation of Cossack written literature in its literature history. Initially, the activities to carry the works belonging to Turkic-Islamic literature to people in Cossack Turkish attracts the attention that literate folk poets attained the facility of printing press from the beginning of XIX century. In parallel with this situation, the foundation of modern Cossack literature are laid with the works that intellectuals graduating from madrassas giving education with Usul-ü Cedit (Modern Method) put forward in Cossack-Russian schools. During this process, it is possible to see the effect of Ottoman press on both parties. We see that some works in the form of folk tales and menakıpname published in Istanbul spread throughout the region over Kazan and that they were rewritten in Cossack Turkish. On the other hand, the second group was in the effort of supporting the enlightening period and education reforms started by them with works printed in Istanbul about different fields. In this study, the process of emerging from Cossack written literature was given setting relations with works written in Ottoman Turkish and tangible data about this relation by listing some of Ottoman books present in two great libraries of Kazakhstan.

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